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From Shushtar kilim to Tazenacht Rugs
Provenienti dall’omonima regione iraniana dove si tessevano kilim con trame a stacco con lane a coloure naturale, blu e mattone.
Fabrics with Soumak’s manufacture, ie wrapped warps’ Kilims , with all across repetitive subject of stylized dragon in various colours in the shape of squared S. There are very beautiful ancient specimens with yellow and blue dragons on a red brick background, rich in symbolism, in which the eyes, ears or horns, and tail are easily located. They usually consist of two parts sewn together, for this reason it is rare to find rugs that are lying well on the ground.
The new manufacture Soumak artifactsl of the Anatolian peninsula.
Plain fabrics, usually square, but some are rectangular used as tablecloths and to knead bread. They rarely have knotted parts.
Soumak, Sumac, Soumak or Soumakh
They are also called ” wrapped weft Kilims ” and also “chain-like”. In practice the wefts, not structural but for show, are wrapped around the four chains of the warp, then passed behind the other two and then again wrapped to the next four and so on. When changing colour these wefts are left hanging on the back (which then takes a furry appearance). The term, in addition to indicating a technique, is also used for the characteristic Caucasians artifacts obtained by this technique. There are several theories about the origin of the term (Caucasusian city or from one type of plant, etc.).
The operation of twisting the fibres to obtain a continuous thread. Depending if it is done by hand or machine it is called ” spun by hand wool” or “machine spun wool”
Suf o Nimbaft
In Persia are so called Kilims e Soumaks which present knotted parts.
These rugs made in Pakistan reproduce the designs of the ancient Turkish Ghiordes using excellent brilliant wool for the knots, in order to obtain a very fine knot and a low shave, and weft and warp in wool.
Literally translated it means “made with needles”. They are rather fine embroidered fabrics in cotton or silk, especially the Uzbek and Bukhara’s ones.
They are needle Soumak fabrics usually new manufacture of Persian origin.
Is the wool recovered from dead animals; to be used it is treated with lime. It doesn’t yield a good wool because it is less resistant to wear and rather opaque with respect to a good quality wool.
City of ancient origins in the Iranian Azerbaijan, inhabited by ethnic Azari Turks, for centuries it has enjoyed a high reputation as a centre of oriental culture; but it is in the Middle Ages that it had the maximum development of the arts. Manuscript miniators, silk embroiderers, court painters and carvers influenced in equal measure the work of rug weavers who created veritable works of art. In the finest Tabriz of current production, perhaps with silk inserts in the fleece, the name is followed by 60 Raj, Raj 70, etc. where the figure is the number of knots and Raj (or Ghireh, Ghereh, Punzeh) is a Persian measure corresponding to about 7 cm, used in Azerbaijan. So Raj 60 means 60 knots in cm 7. The fact remains that the new Tabriz rugs are quite different from the old ones from one or two centuries ago. Then there are on the market a whole category of rugs called Tabriz but rather coarse to say the least ; they cost as a machine-made rug but they are …. simply terrible. They are called “big covers” by employees, but not in front of the customers..
Tabriz Haji Jalili Antique
The oldest, finest and unique specimens among Tabriz rugs, rugs created the great master Haji jialili’s manufactures.
The cardboard with drawing on graph paper, to count the knots, which serves the weaver to make the rug.
Rugs made in the Talish territory of the same name, the southernmost area of the Caucasus, overlooking the Caspian Sea. They are characterized by elongated shapes and a relatively narrow central field, usually as wide as the border and frequently, in the Met Haneh drawing, is without decorations, this being quite remarkable, given the Orientals’ tendency to decorate any space. The main border is usually in ivory background and surrounded by numerous secondary frames. The central field, plain, is framed, lace-like, by a slim margin of yellow gold colour sharp arrows.
Rugs attributed to the nomadic tribes of Turkish origin living in the Nogai steppes in the Mogan area, in the south-east of the Caucasus between Talish and Shirvan. Their knotted rugs have been affected by the cultural influences of Dagestan and Ghendje as well as Talish and Shirvan
Fabrics produced manually on frames. Originally they were made around the sixteenth century in the French town of Aubusson, famous for its Rugs and tapestries; subsequently they spread rapidly in the courts of Louis XIV. Much later French teachers taught Chinese weavers the methods and today in China’s laboratories they reproduce Rugs and Aubusson tapestries and Needle-point perfectly, according to ancient techniques. In the page tapestry one can find the history, creation and production of tapestries from the weaved to the painted ones, including video to see how De Rambouillet tapestries are made, the washing and restoration of antique tapestries, the disinfection with ozone from bacteria and various pathogens and finally the best methods to hang them. And now if you want to purchase your tapestry click here.
Coming from the region by the same name in the south of Morocco. They have natural colours and oriental inspired design. They are rugs where the classic yellow saffron and other natural colours typical of this area make them very elegant.