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De Baft à Birjand

Baft o Baff

Baften is a verb, which means to knot in Farsi (Iran). It is used as a suffix to indicate the Rugs origin or analogy: bibibaff, sennehbaff, armenibaff, Sennehbaft. Sometimes, it is used associated to different origins. For example Sench baft means fabric as Seneh, Baft-E-Seneh means cloth from Sench. Baft is also the suffix for the Persian verb baften, to knot. It is also a town in the Iranian Kirmam Region, in the center of the  Afshari settlement which collects the Rugs. Baff in Persian means knot: turkbaff, Turkish knot; farsibaff, Persian knot.

Bakhtiar Rugs: with classical subjects or inspired by the Isfahan.

The real Bakhtiari Rugs are nomadic Rugs of great charm and, whether ancient or old, are quite sought after and rare to find. Indigenous to the south-east area of Isfahan, the tribes who knotted these Rugs are almost all settled. Some old and antique Bakhtiari Rugs have the subject which follow the ancient Rugs of Isfahan whose influence they have acquired..

Bakhtiar Faradombeh Rugs

Chahar Mahal’s Bakhtiari with drawings of Westerly-inspired roses. They are nomadic Rugs of great charm and, whether ancient or old, they are highly sought after and rare to find. Here, these examples of old manufacture designs in Westerly-inspired rose called in Persia göl Farang or French rose, are typical of the Bakhtiari fabrics in the village of Faradombeh. A subject that is also found in several Karabag Rugs and kilims Karabag, even those of the Turkish tribes sited once in Moldova

Bakshaish, Bakshayesh e Bakshish Rugs

of great class and elegance, sober and rare. Bakshaiesh is a place in the Iranian Azerbaijan, near Tabriz. There they knotted Rugs similar to Heritz with the field full of small stylized drawings much sought after and appreciated by the US market. Three GORGEOUS specimens of Bakshaish Rugs


Operation that serves to give body and strength to the carpet. It is carried out during the knotting of a carpet, with a special comb for compacting the weave passed onto the rows of knots, and can be made of wood or metal.

Balesht, Balisht

Word of Turkish origin for the small rectangular pockets, in kilim, sumak or knotted, open on the short side, used for transportation and as a pillow by Baluchi and Afghans people.

Beluci Mashad Rugs

Nomadic manufacture, knotted completely in wool by Afghan people transferred to the Mashad area. Their characteristics are somewhat archaic and fairly inexpensive, with tribal and simple objects named SIYA-KAR, or dark endevour, because of the colours used.

Belucistan Rugs

Classic Afghan carpet all in wool; years ago one could find rather fine, really beautiful ones. Now, thanks to the large importers that link maximum income with minimal investment, they have become the ugliest and most commercial Rugs on the market. If you purchase one pay close attention to moths: they are rather fond of these Rugs.

Beni Ourain Rugs Berberi

They are the most traditional and authentic among the many types of Berber Rugs. They are old manufacture Rugs, hand knotted according to the Berber knot technique, with raw wool and natural colours. Originally they were used as the floor of the tent by the nomadic Beni Ourain tribe. They are distinguished by the white background, the long and soft fleece (5-6 cm) and by its black designs. Products of the High Atlas villages.

Berber Art Rugs

Designer artifacts knotted completely in Turkey with hand-spun wool, inspired by the old schools Beni-Ourain  Berbers from Morocco of which you can find many original copies in the section on Berber Rugs in our site.

Berkana Rugs

They are in recent Chinese manufacture with the floral design typical of the Persian Kirmans, knotted with a cotton structure using very soft wool. They have very good finish quality and are very robust.

Bibibaff Rugs, also Bibibaf-Bibiaft

Trade name given to the finest and refined quality of  Bakhtiari Rugs. . The word consists of baft, (knot) and bibi, the name the oldest woman of the house, more expert in weaving, was called.

Bijar o Bidjar Rugs

are usually decorated with the herati subject all over the field with a central medallion. They are knotted in the district of the same-named town of Bijar (or Bidjar in north-western Iran). The very dense weave and the knotting make them very robust. The  finest Bijar are knotted in the village of Halvai

Bijar o Bidjar Kilim

They are fabrics knotted frequently using the curved weave technique from the people of Kurdish origin in the north-west of Iran. Specimens of Kilim Bijar


Persian city in south-eastern Khorassan, where they began to produce Rugs from the early 900’s.