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De Choby a Fringe

Choby Rugs

They are of recent Afghan  manufacture with designs and colours inspired a little to Saruk, Ziegler, but also to the Indian Agra rug of yore. Overall they are commercial rugs, still quite coarse, more so that in some the knots jump out after a while they are used and when they are washed. On we have some of the fines examples

Chromioum mordant

Potassium dichromate which is used to fix the chromium dyes, more stable than the aniline ones and used in many factories for dyeing.

Cicim, Jijim, Jajim and also Djadjim

They are virtually fabrics. The name comes from the Turkish language and it is indicative of the flat textures decorated with the added weft technique, soumak-like; the drawing, clearly  geometrical, appears to be embossed. The jijim is a bit different because, being made with small looms, it is made of 20-30 cm strip, which are then put together.

Cork or Kork

Fine,soft wool.  It is said that people use the shoulder wool of a lamb shorn in the spring, or the neck or belly of sheep shorn also in the spring. People say that this is an excellent wool for quality and softness.

Darpha Contemporary Tibetan mixed silk rug

They are a great union of old and design. They actually are rugs decorated with very modern subjects and patterns, but realized according to the Tibetan artisans’ ancient techniques. They are finely hand-knotted and the weft and the warp are in cotton, while for the fleece they use the precious wool of the Yak and of the Plateau Sheep that live on the highlands of Tibet at 3,000 metres of altitude. In all the items the wool and a touch of pure silk are used together in the pile. The density of knots, compared to the average Tibetan rug is rather high: 400 for dmq.

Darri, Durrie or Dhurrie

Indian name for the flat weaves like kilims. Usually they are in cotton, wool and other fibres


Type of Afghan kilim with geometrical decors, narrow and long, used at lunch as a base for food.

Caucasian Davaghin Kilim

Kilim from Daghestan with contrasting wefts, extremely simple decor with very few colours.

Dchulchir or Djulchir

Or bear skin! Uzbech rugs with long hair used as beds, usually made from strips stuck together and with extremely simple antique subjects.

Defne Rugs Turkish

Of new manufacture and weaved with very small knots, they have decorative designs. In certain areas, defined by the colours, the fleece is shaved completely, giving prominence to the subjects with a three-dimensional effect. Because of this, the knot must be very small and precise to last in time.

Depression, Lul baft in Persian

One talks of a warp’s chains  depression when these are kept alternatevely on two different levels

Diah, Dizluk

The Turkmen traditional fabrics to adorn the camels’ knees for ceremonies.

Dorosh Rugs

Knotted in the same name area of Dorosh (or Dorukhsh), the village now abandoned after the earthquake, located in the region of Qainat, in Iran. Classic rug with a floral motifs medallion plant. The oldest rugs show a  woollen warp, while the newer ones a cotton one.


In Persian it is a rug, the size of which is about 2 metres by one metre thirty cm.


Rose colour obtained, in Persia, by diluting in milk serum (dugh) robbia’s red

Engsi o Ensi

In Persian it is a rug, the size of which is about 2 metres by one metre thirty cm.


In Persian it is a rug, the size of which is about 2 metres by one metre thirty cm.


It means rug in Persian

Farsibaft or farsibaff

Persian or asymmetrical  knot in which the wool yarn wraps ring-like  a warp and passes under the other, coming out of the side. Being always two the warps interested, one is completely wrapped and the other one isn’t; the Persian or asymmetrical  knot can be opened to the left or right

Ferahan or Farahan Rugs

Artifacts of excellent quality that were knotted in the northern district of Sultanabad, next to the Arak lake, to be exported to America in the mid-800’s and early ‘900’s.


In rugs it corresponds to the inner part enclosed by frames and, if present, cantonals.

Firuzabad kilim

It is among the finest quality of woven kilim with the contrasting wefts of the new Iranian productions in the Firuzabad area, the Iranian city of Fars, south of Shiraz.

Flat weaving

All those fabric artifacts which have no knotted parts; so, as well as Kilims, it includes Soumak, jijim orcicim, zili, ecc.

Frames or Hems

The numerous decorated bands that delimit the field in the rug. Usually there are one main and two or more secondary ones.


They are the warp’s  yarns which are left free at the ends of the rug’s short sides. They can be loose or twisted, usually stopped on one side in kilim or a chain. Sometimes  on one hand the rug has a selvedge and on the other it has a fringe.