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De Shushtar kilim à Tazenacht Rugs
Provenienti dall’omonima regione iraniana dove si tessevano kilim con trame a stacco con lane a coloure naturale, blu e mattone.
Plain fabrics, usually square, but some are rectangular used as tablecloths and to knead bread. They rarely have knotted parts.
The operation of twisting the fibres to obtain a continuous thread. Depending if it is done by hand or machine it is called » spun by hand wool » or « machine spun wool »
Suf o Nimbaft
In Persia are so called Kilims e Soumaks which present knotted parts.
These rugs made in Pakistan reproduce the designs of the ancient Turkish Ghiordes using excellent brilliant wool for the knots, in order to obtain a very fine knot and a low shave, and weft and warp in wool.
They are rugs made in the Caucasus in which the predominant and central subject is the stylized dragon in various shapes and colours, and the field full of symbols and very ancient tribal designs, including birds, talismans, etc.. quite rare and sought after.
Soumak Antalya o Adalia
They are fabrics from the same name Turkish town which is to be found in the south, in the gulf of Adalia.
They are Soumak fabrics from the Azere tribes.
Soumak of Baku’s area are usually in medallions which, on a fascinating salmon background, houses the characteristic diamond-shaped blue medallions with white outlines, typical of Baku’s area. The rest of the field is at Lesghi’s star and, along the side edges, there are Perepedil « swords » representing residues of a division of the field caisson-like. The main border is octagonal of a thousand colours and the outer edge at « running dog »
The Soumak rugs weaved by the Kurds based in Quchan, in the Khorassan.
The new manufacture Soumak artifactsl of the Anatolian peninsula.
The various nomad people’s double-pocket bags, realized with the Soumak technique.
The Soumak rugs weaved by the Shahsavan tribe, the Shah’s favourite.
Fabrics with Soumak’s manufacture, ie wrapped warps’ Kilims , with all across repetitive subject of stylized dragon in various colours in the shape of squared S. There are very beautiful ancient specimens with yellow and blue dragons on a red brick background, rich in symbolism, in which the eyes, ears or horns, and tail are easily located. They usually consist of two parts sewn together, for this reason it is rare to find rugs that are lying well on the ground.
They are needle Soumak fabrics usually new manufacture of Persian origin.
Soumakh, Soumak, Sumac, Soumak, Soumakh
They are also called » wrapped weft Kilims » and also « chain-like ». In practice the wefts, not structural but for show, are wrapped around the four chains of the warp, then passed behind the other two and then again wrapped to the next four and so on. When changing colour these wefts are left hanging on the back (which then takes a furry appearance). The term, in addition to indicating a technique, is also used for the characteristic Caucasians artifacts obtained by this technique. There are several theories about the origin of the term (Caucasusian city or from one type of plant, etc.).
Literally translated it means “made with needles”. They are rather fine embroidered fabrics in cotton or silk, especially the Uzbek and Bukhara’s ones.
Is the wool recovered from dead animals; to be used it is treated with lime. It doesn’t yield a good wool because it is less resistant to wear and rather opaque with respect to a good quality wool.
City of ancient origins in the Iranian Azerbaijan, inhabited by ethnic Azari Turks, for centuries it has enjoyed a high reputation as a centre of oriental culture; but it is in the Middle Ages that it had the maximum development of the arts. Manuscript miniators, silk embroiderers, court painters and carvers influenced in equal measure the work of rug weavers who created veritable works of art. In the finest Tabriz of current production, perhaps with silk inserts in the fleece, the name is followed by 60 Raj, Raj 70, etc. where the figure is the number of knots and Raj (or Ghireh, Ghereh, Punzeh) is a Persian measure corresponding to about 7 cm, used in Azerbaijan. So Raj 60 means 60 knots in cm 7. The fact remains that the new Tabriz rugs are quite different from the old ones from one or two centuries ago. Then there are on the market a whole category of rugs called Tabriz but rather coarse to say the least ; they cost as a machine-made rug but they are …. simply terrible. They are called « big covers » by employees, but not in front of the customers..
Tabriz Haji Jalili Antique
The oldest, finest and unique specimens among Tabriz rugs, rugs created the great master Haji jialili’s manufactures.
The cardboard with drawing on graph paper, to count the knots, which serves the weaver to make the rug.
Rugs made in the Talish territory of the same name, the southernmost area of the Caucasus, overlooking the Caspian Sea. They are characterized by elongated shapes and a relatively narrow central field, usually as wide as the border and frequently, in the Met Haneh drawing, is without decorations, this being quite remarkable, given the Orientals’ tendency to decorate any space. The main border is usually in ivory background and surrounded by numerous secondary frames. The central field, plain, is framed, lace-like, by a slim margin of yellow gold colour sharp arrows.
Rugs attributed to the nomadic tribes of Turkish origin living in the Nogai steppes in the Mogan area, in the south-east of the Caucasus between Talish and Shirvan. Their knotted rugs have been affected by the cultural influences of Dagestan and Ghendje as well as Talish and Shirvan
Coming from the region by the same name in the south of Morocco. They have natural colours and oriental inspired design. They are rugs where the classic yellow saffron and other natural colours typical of this area make them very elegant.