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From Sciscaoua rug to Shirvan rug
The Soumak rugs weaved by the Shahsavan tribe, the Shah’s favourite.
Sciscaoua Berber rugs
They come from the region between Marrakech and the Atlantic Ocean, tribal rugs with predominantly reds, oranges and more recently, green and purple. They are usually almost monochromatic or with very little design always anthropomorphic. The wools are high and the Berbers knots big. In the Berber tradition the fringe is present only on one side.
They are kilims manufactured in Rumenia.
It is a rug with a dimension of about 200×130 cm.
They come from the homonymous town which lies to the left of Tehran and at a hundred miles from the Caspian Sea. At one time there was some production, but nowadays it is very small. The rugs are quite robust weaved in cotton and with a woollen fleece with medallion floral subjects or rather minute prayers.
Senneh kilim seven colours Gol-and-Mirza-Ali
Kilim usually made to curved wefts by the Kurds living in Iranian Kurdistan of which Senneh is the capital. There are also some kilims with silken seven colours warp and Gol-and-Mirza-Ali’s subject of remarkable rare finesse.
Senneh or Sanandaj
Capital of Iranian Kurdistan and for hundreds of years there were produced rugs and textiles for daily use of many types: from mafrash and containers of various sizes, from kilims to Soumak, from tribal rugs to items of the utmost refinement, in which the structure is made of cotton and the fleece is made of very bright wool. In our collection there are many examples of Senneh, both knotted and in kilim, but still old or antique because, as usual, the new productions leave something to be desired.
Senneh seven Colours or Senneh haft rangh
They are the finest Senneh rugs from every point of view, whether they have the subject with a field and medallion with a very minute herati, both with boteh all across inspired by the Indian fabrics that arrived in Persia during the Nadir Shah’s period. Also called “haft rang”, they have completely warps and wefts made completely of silk, but with yarn so fine as to make it sometimes impossible to count the knots; to do so you have to use a magnifying glass and it is still difficult. Look at these examples in our collection.
Serapi Turkish rugs
Reproduction of antique Heriz Serapi rugs, manufactured nowadays in Turkey with a fine knot and low shave.
Seven colours, or Haft rangh rugs
It refers to rugs, especially Senneh, with silk polychrome groups warps. Obviously the fringes also have the same colours.
They are plain Caucasian fabrics used as blankets.
People who took the name of Shahsavan for loyalty to the rulers of the Safavid period, and it is a confederation of Turkish tribes among the most important that reside on the northwestern border of Iran with the Caucasus. These include semi-nomadic groups that in winter reside in the plains of Mughan and in summer go the pastures in the mountains west of Ardabil. Among the best-known artifacts I recall their ceremonial horse blankets, Soumak fabrics decorated with stylized animals: deer, horses and birds. Kilim Shahsavan are very similar in design to the Caucasian ones. I also recall the wonderful Mafrash, bags and large containers in kilim, Soumak, and also mixed manufacture. You can find several soumak examples and fragments on our site.
Made with the slot technique and very fine wool, with a prevalence of light brick red, beige and blue, they are the ” Traci kilim “, woven in the areas at the southeastern tip of the Balkan peninsula.
Company founded by the Shah Reza Pahlavi in 1936, to promote the production of high-quality rugs. There is also in commerce a fairly robust and fine quality of Gabbeh called Gabbeh Sherkate.
They are so called the rugs’ side borders: the selvedge.
The finest specimens are rather rare rugs that were knotted by an ethnic minority that settled in the far south-western region of Shirvan, bordering the Kazak. The Akstafa Shirvan are beautiful late ‘800’s specimen with the typical eight-pointed star medallions that alternate, in most but not all to copies of stylized bird in heraldic position that have large wings; also many other decorative elements alternate together throughout the field, with four-legged animals a little everywhere. Rather special the border with borders similar to hooked cartouches called “Kocianak”. It is even rarer to find specimens of Akstafa Shirvan prayer rugs.
Shirvan Alpan kuba
In this type of Kuba are found two decorative subjects. In the first case in the field there are two or more lozenges as eight-pointed stars surrounded by four long and narrow hexagons that sometimes have as head four white claws. In the other the central subject seems formed by one or more stylized vessels; That’s why it is called “Alpan Kuba with vases patterns “; it seems, however, that so far no one has figured out what this design really means.
They come from the same name area on the Caspian Sea where, with the discovery of oil, the not very profitable rug work was almost abandoned, and now these specimens are increasingly rare.
Coming from the area of Bidjov these rugs are distinguished by the upward design in continuous alignment, the motifs of which are repeated constantly changing shape and colour. The figures, extremely abstract and large are clearly representations of animals that seem dragons, stylized to the point of being almost unrecognizable, in the style of the ancient Caucasian rugs. All elements that give these rugs a mysterious and archaic aspect.
The Dagestan region, literally “mountain region, is an area of very ancient tradition in knotting rugs. The high age rugs show hooked lozenges, inserted in a notched lattice, follow each other neatly in a particular colour combination. In prayer specimens of Dagestan Shirvan, are found the stylized flower characteristic motifs, enclosed by a dark and jagged lattice lozenge, they are aligned horizontally or diagonally and in colourful colours that stand out on the mostly creamy white background. The Mihrab spire, that in Caucasian rugs is usually smooth , in this type it is serrated instead. The main border is mostly red background with typical “Z” motifs formed by two stylized birds. The great variety of floral designs included in lattice lozenges often has two motifs lined up from time to time; the dynamics ornamentation of parts destined to the support of the hands and head presumes shamanic rituals customs.
Plain fabrics that are, or rather were, made in the region of Shirvan with the detachment technique , wool finely twisted and warp in two colours.
Among the most important centers of production of Caucasian rugs it borders to the north with Dagestan and to the south with the area of Shirvan. In these rugs, knotted with of the densest knots in the Caucasus and excellent soft and shiny wools, the dark blue field, thickly covered with stylized animals, amulets and symbols, is dominated by two central imposing jagged hexagons enclosed by very stylized Gubpa symbols.
They were knotted in the last century by the people of Dagestan, established for many years to the north of Derbent. They are knotted entirely in wool and the predominant motif is the ” eight- pointed star” and four diagonal arrows with a central hooked diamond, completed by stylized floral subjects and minor cruciform motifs.
Rugs attributed to the village of Masally south of Bidjov and Shemaka in the Shirvan. They present a particular ornamentation of the field with characteristic flame boteh covering the bottom thickly across the board in various polychromes. In the Marasali Shirvan the “boteh” have a kind of cock’s crest turned towards alternate directions repeating in an orderly manner; the interior design, multi-faceted, varies with the help of colours; minor ornamental motifs decorate thickly the bottom. In the district of Shirwan were produced innumerable prayer rugs; Marasali’s ones are among the most beautiful, fine and lightweight.
Rugs attributed to the nomadic tribes of Turkish origin of the Nogai living in the steppes in the Mogan area, south-east of the Caucasus between Talish and Shirvan. The rugs knotted by them have, as well as Talish and Shirvan, also been affected by the cultural influences of Dagestan and Ghendje.
It includes a large area south-east of the Caucasus to the left of Baku, surrounded by Kuba’s regions, Dagestan, and Ghendje Cjaili. In it, unlike other areas of the Caucasus, the rugs were knotted completely in wool in a remarkable variety of designs and colours just to sell them. They divide into several subgroups, most of which are mentioned below.
Rugs that are part of the Shirvan Baku, being knotted in areas near the shores of the Caspian Sea. Elongated rugs with subjects and colours a bit ‘austere in which the Ghendje and Mogan influences are very clear.